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Generation | August 2013

Brimming with hope

Lack of fuel, poor financial position of state discoms, clearance delays for new projects, unviable tariff structure, and the infamous T&D losses have deterred neither the government nor IPPs, as we were on target last year.

A midst various challenging scenarios, the government is aiming to create huge power generation and transmission capacities to meet the ever rising demand from the industrial and household sector. The total power capacity addition achieved in the 11th Plan period (2007-12) was 54,964 MW across the country against the revised target of 62,374 MW. In 2012-13, India generated about 911.65 billion unit (bu) of power or 98 per cent of the targeted 930 bu. According to the 18th Electric Power Survey (EPS) report, the projected all-India peak demand and energy requirement at power stations by 2016-17 would be 199,540 MW and 1,354.87 bu respectively. To meet this projected demand, the government plans to add 88,537 MW of power capacity in the conventional segment, including thermal and hydel power during 12th Plan. Of this, 5,300 MW is planned in nuclear power, 10,897 MW in hydro and 72,340 MW in thermal power.

In addition, it plans to add about 54,000 MWE capacity in the grid-interactive renewable energy sector during this period. This capacity is expected to be adequate to generate power to meet the stipulated energy requirement at the end of the 12th Five Year Plan period. The draft 12th Five Year Plan document of Planning Commission pegs the total investment requirement for the power sector during 2012-17 at Rs 18.2 trillion. The contribution of private sector in capacity addition rose from 10 per cent in the 10th Plan to 42 per cent in the 11th Plan. In the 12th Plan, it is expected to rise to over 50 per cent.

Thermal
According to the Planning Commission, capacity addition of 88,537 MW is planned from conventional sources for the 12th Plan across India. Of this, 72,339.6 MW is expected from thermal power projects. The thermal capacity addition target comprises 14,877.6 MW in the central sector, 13,922 MW in the state sector and 43,540 MW in the private sector. In 2013-14, the government aims to add 15,234 MW of thermal power capacity. Of this, 1,720 MW has already been set up during April-May 2013.

During the 11th Five Year Plan, the total installed capacity of thermal power, which includes coal-fired, gas-fired and diesel-fired plants, rose from 86,014 MW to 131,603 MW.

Hydro
Government data shows that during the 11th Plan, the country added 15,627 MW of hydel power. The government expects to start 45 hydro projects (of 25 MW and above) with an installed capacity of 10,897 MW during the 12th Plan period; 534 MW has already been commissioned.

Hydro power projects with installed capacity less than or equal to 25 MW are included in renewable energy. The reduction in the capacity addition target for 12th Plan can attributed to the following reasons:

Hydro power execution faces environment and forest clearance issues. According to government data, 136 hydro power projects with a combined capacity of 40,991.5 MW allotted to private developers by the state government are yet to be taken up for construction.

Development of hydel projects is an intricate and long-drawn process, spanning 3-5 years. Survey and investigation, preparation of detailed project report (DPR), obtaining statutory and non-statutory clearances including environment and forest clearances will take long. Once the projects achieve financial closure, implementation takes another 5-8 years. Thus, hydro projects usually have long gestation period. Therefore, Union Power Ministry expects that the hydel projects which are under development are likely to come up during the 13th Plan period and beyond.

In 2013-14, the government aims to add 1,198 MW of capacity in the segment, and of this, 132 MW has been commissioned by May.

Nuclear
As of end of May 2013, India had a nuclear power capacity of 4,780 MW. Of this, between March 2007 and March 2012 (during the 11th Plan), nuclear power capacity grew from 3,900 MW to 4,780 MW.

In the 12th Five Year Plan, the government aims to add another 5,300 MW of nuclear power capacity. Notably, the entire 5,300 MW capacity is planned by the Centre. In 2013-14, the government aims to add 2,000 MW of nuclear power capacity.

Renewable
During the 11th Plan, India has added 14,660 MW of grid-interactive renewable energy (RE) capacity against a target of 14,000 MW. Cumulative RE installed at the end of 11th Plan was 24,914 MW.

The Union Ministry for New and Renewable Energy has set a target of adding 29,800 MW from RE sources during 12th Plan. The government is attracting private sector investment through generation-based incentive, viability gap funding and accelerated depreciation for renewable energy sources. The target of 29,800 MW comprises of 15,000 MW from wind, 10,000 MW from solar, 2,100 MW from small hydro and 2,700 MW from bio-power, including waste to energy.

CAPACITY ADDITION & FUND REQUIREMENT FOR 12TH PLAN PROJECTS

S. No.

Capacity Addition

Allocation Of Cost Towards 12Th Plan ( Rs Crore)

 

Centre

State

Private

Total

 

1

11Th Plan (2011-12)

 

 

 

 

 

A)

Generation –Capacity Addition

5174

1485

5100

11759

A

 

Sub-Total 11Th Plan

5174

1485

5100

11759

 

2

Generation – 12Th Plan Capacity Addition

 

 

 

 

 

A)

Thermal

48650

55734

1,73,117

2,77,500

 

B)

Hydro

35183

8024

6952

50159

 

C)

Nuclear

26600

-

-

26600

B

 

Sub-Total 12Th Plan

1,10,433

63758

1,80,069

3,54,260

 

3

Advance Action For 13Th Plan

 

 

 

 

 

A)

Thermal

40440

14805

80577

1,35,822

 

B)

Hydro

28132

612

11216

39960

 

C)

Nuclear

96800

-

-

96800

C

 

Sub-Total 13Th Plan

1,65,372

15417

91793

2,72,582

 

4

Sub-Total Generation ( A+B+C)

2,80,979

80660

2,76,961

6,38,600

 

5

Captive Power Projects

 

 

65000

65000

 

6

R&M Of Power Plants

19847

12040

 

31887

 

7

Transmission

1,00,000

55000

25000

1,80,000

 

8

Distribution

48191

2,38,082

19963

3,06,235

 

9

Research & Development

4168

 

 

4168

 

10

Dsm & Ee

7482

 

 

7482

 

11

Human Resources Development (Training Infrastructure)

4108

 

 

4108

 

 

Fund Outlay (4 To 11)

4,64,774

3,85,782

3,86,924

12,37,480


STATE-WISE LIKELY CAPACITY ADDITION DURING 12TH PLAN

State

Hydro (MW)

Thermal (MW)

Total (MW)

Coal

Gas

Total

Nuclear

All India

9204

62695

1086

63781

2800

75785

Total(NER)

2810

250

926

1176

3986

 

Assam

 

250

100

350

 

350

Ar. Pradesh

2710

 

2710

 

 

 

Meghalaya

40

 

 

 

 

40

Tripura

 

 

826

826

 

826

Mizoram

60

 

 

 

 

60

Sikkim

1367

 

 

 

 

1367

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