According to data from the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) for April, the energy deficit for the south Indian region was 18.1 per cent compared to a national average of 8.3 per cent. The average price for electricity bought on IEX, India's largest power exchange, was close to Rs 5 per unit (kwh), well over double the power rates for the rest of the country.
The peak rate in the south was a whopping Rs 15, five times the quote of Rs 3 in the rest of the country — reflecting a severe power crunch faced by a region that is among the country's biggest manufacturing hubs for automobiles, IT, textiles, leather and heavy engineering.
A key reason for spot electricity prices shooting through the roof in south India is the scramble among industrial consumers and distribution utilities across states such as Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka to arrange for power through the spot market window, including exchanges such as the IEX, to tide over the debilitating shortages.
The lack of adequate grid interconnection between the southern region and the rest of the country has compounded the problem, resulting in the sharp variation in the rates. In terms of energy deficit, or the difference between supply and demand of electricity, the numbers bear out the problem faced by the south.
In Andhra Pradesh, the deficit was a high 20.5 per cent, in Karnataka 17.8 per cent, Tamil Nadu 19.4 per cent and in Kerala it was 3.2 per cent during the month. The worst affected among industrial consumers in the region are the small and medium sized unit owners, most of whom are left with no option but to either run captive units fueled by expensive diesel or simply down the shutters.
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