Experience all over the world has shown that enhanced accessibility to electricity enhances lifestyles leading to higher demand of electricity. The per-capita consumption of the consumers in Delhi is more than 1400 units per annum as against the national average of 355 units. Delhi, being an urban place with high load density, has seen the electricity consumption increasing from 20040.22 MUs in 2003-04 to 23790.99 MUs in 2009-10. The increase in percentage terms is 18.71% for Delhi for the past seven years. Power sector has become a serious challenge for the Government as it is the primary driver for all round development of the territory.
The Rajasthan State Electricity Board was constituted with effect from 1st July, 1957 by Government of Rajasthan Notification No. F.11/OSD (PWD) / 57 dated the 28th June, 1957 under the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948 which enactment has for its object, the co-ordinated development and rationalisation of generation and supply of electricity on a regional basis throughout the country in the most efficient and economical way. Government of Rajasthan on 19th July 2000, issued a gazette notification unbundling Rajasthan State Electricity Board into Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam Ltd, the generation Company, Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Prasaran Nigam Ltd., the transmission Company and the three regional distribution companies namely Jaipur Vidyut Vitran Nigam Ltd. Ajmer Vidyut Vitran Nigam Ltd. and Jodhpur Vidyut Vitran Nigam Ltd. The Generation company owns and operates the thermal power stations at Kota and Suratgarh, gas based power station at Ramgarh, hydel power station at Mahi and mini hydel stations in the state. The transmission company operates all the 400kV, 220 kV, 132 kV and 66kV electricity lines and system in the State. The three distribution companies operate and maintain the electricity system below 66kV in the State in their respective areas.
Energy and Petrochemicals Department is one of the administrative department of sachivalaya. The subjects assigned to the energy and petrochemicals department in rules of business and administrative set-up thereof has been mentioned respective in annexure A and annexure B. Energy and petrochemicals department contains hierarchy of a principal secretary as the head of department, three deputy secretaries, one director to rail movement and five under secretaries. The working of the department is divided in four branches, each headed by section officer i.e.class II Gazatted officer.
The Power and Electricity Department was created in the year 1975 with the superintending engineer under the state PWD till its separation in the early 1980. Before creating a circle, all the activities related to power development and its distribution within Mizoram were looked after by the Assam State Electricity Board (ASEB) till March, 1975. The department attained its directorate level (full fledged) status in 1983 with the creation of chief engineer post. In 2008, the post of Engineer-in-Chief was created as the Head of the Department. The department is functioning as an integrated utility and responsible for generation, transmission, distribution and despatching of electric power supply within the state of Mizoram. It is also responsible for the promotion, development and maintenance of power distribution cetwork including provision of adequate and reliable power supply in Mizoram.