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Event | May 2016

Power-Gen India Being Cleaner, Leaner and Greener

The 15th Annual POWER-GEN India 2016 is all set to be held at the Pragati Maidan Exhibition Centre in New Delhi from May 18-20, this year.

The 15th edition of Power-Gen 2016 is likely to witness more than 5,000 industry experts as they come together to exchange ideas on ways to expand and strengthen the Indian power industry. Benefit from three days of conference sessions and panel discussions featuring 75+ highly-respected speakers, as well as a world-leading exhibition with 200+ exhibitors showcasing the latest products and services for the power generation industry.

What´s more, the Power-Gen 2016 has set aside objectives for the participating companies, where one can LEARN about the latest challenges and solutions for the Indian power generation industry; SHOWCASE company´s products and services, and EXPERIENCE first-hand on the latest technology.

Recognised for its high quality and outstanding record of attrition level attracting not only the loyal exhibitors, but also new exhibitors year after year, the event also offers outstanding local and international branding exposure plus the chance to exchange ideas. The exhibition is also a stepping stone to launch new products and showcase state-of-the-art services and technologies, develop new contacts and do business in a competitive market.

´POWER-GEN India brings manufacturers and vendors, developers and contractors for direct business interaction while the researchers and scientists, businessmen and industrialists, investors and lenders put forth their views impacting growth. It is a ´Must Attend´ annually for everyone associated and concerned with power and energy,´ says P.K.Patnaik, President, Resource Development Group, Director, Ardeeg Project Ventures Pvt. Ltd.

The theme
Leaner, cleaner and greener is the new mantra for power sector these days. With government emphasizing on cleaner (nuclear and hydro) and greener (solar and wind) source of the energy mix in the country, the same government is also leaving no stone unturned for leaner (use of super and ultrasuper critical technology) in the future power projects.

India has pledged to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions intensity by 33-35 per cent by 2030, compared to 2005 levels. For this, India announced that it will ensure about 40 per cent of its electricity comes from non-fossil fuel sources.

India has also committed to increase its forest cover to create an additional carbon sink of 2.5-3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent. These targets, under INDC, were presented to UNFCCC ahead of the Paris summit on October 1, 2015. Thus, it is more ambitious than what it committed to in 2010 - to reduce the emissions intensity of its economy 20-25 per cent compared to 2005 levels by 2020.

Up to 2030, these emission intensity-reduction targets and adaptation to climate change will require about $2.5 trillion, besides an array of technologies, India said. It had committed to mobilise new funds from developed countries and said it would work to build an international architecture for diffusion of cutting-edge technologies, as well as collaborative research and development in this regard.

India was one of the fiercest advocates of UNFCCC principle of ´Common but Differentiated

While making its submission on INDC, India has also said, ´The successful implementation of INDC is contingent upon an ambitious global agreement, including additional means of implementation to be provided by developed countries, technology transfer and capacity building, following articles 3.1 and 4.7 of the convention.´

As Prakash Javadekar, Union Minister, Ministry of Environment and Forest, India said that the developed countries were obliged to provide funding and technology, and subsequently, want to be part of solutions.

However, India did not succumb to pressures from some developed countries to undertake sector-specific targets. India has explicitly stated, ´India´s goal is to reduce overall emission intensity and improve the energy efficiency of its economy over time and, at the same time, protect the vulnerable sectors of the economy and our society.´

Nitin Pandit, CEO of the World Resources Institute in India, said: ´As one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change, India recognises the domestic benefits of confronting this issue. Its climate plan does a good job combining opportunities to reduce emissions in the near term, and it includes clear goals to restore landscapes that will bring long-term benefits.´

Can India be cleaner, greener and leaner
Well, India´s stature can be very well adjudged as minnows in efficiency (32.8 per cent), if compared to Japan (40.5 per cent) and Nordic countries (40.4 per cent). So where does the buck stop? Blissfully, this business of ´power´--electricity in absolute terms--doesn´t depend on secularism and pluralism, leaving no one to ´blame´.

But, elements such as outdated design of age-old power plants, contribute immensely to the fleet´s poor efficiency. This fact can be well supported by low quality coal, often worse than what the boilers are designed for, which reduces efficiency. Fortunately, sanity has prevailed in India. And, the key lies with utilisation of supercritical technology, in order to unlock energy efficiency and make good on India´s promise towards climate change. Perhaps, the cost of generation with the use of supercritical will come down to Rs 2-2.5 per MW, as compared to Rs 4 of a typical subcritical power plant. Ergo, the initial capital cost of the project with the inclusion of supercritical could be Rs 5 crore per MW, as compared to subcritical, which is Rs 4.5 cr per MW.

On the green side, particularly the sunshine sector, has surpassed the solar energy target for 2015-16 more than one and a half times commissioning 3,018 MW during the year against the 2,000 MW it had set itself. And readers can see the drastic difference as at the end of 2015-16, the country´s cumulative solar capacity stands at 6753.38 MW, up from 3743.97 MW a year ago.

Speaking exclusively to Power Today, Tarun Kapoor, Jt Secretary, MNRE divulged that the ministry is in the process of ramping-up the solar manufacturing capacity to 5,000 MW (cell and modules) from the current 3,500 MW (modules) and 1,000 MW for (cells), per annum, respectively.

´It is a good opportunity for solar panel producers because they will get a good market. It is a very good for the consumer as well, because they can generate during the daytime and use net-off facility. So, whatever he generates, his bill gets adjusted accordingly,´ said Mahesh D Paranjpe, Chief - Hydro Renewable Operations and Safety, Tata Power.

Meanwhile, the wind energy segment could see a decline in fresh capacity addition from 3.3 GW in FY2016 to around 2.5 GW in FY2017 estimates ICRA. In contrast to wind and solar energy, segments like small hydro and biomass energy segments have not seen much capacity addition, due to significant execution challenges in small hydro projects; and issues pertaining to availability and pricing of fuel and in some cases inadequate revision of tariffs in relation to increase in fuel costs for the biomass segment.


- RAHUL KAMAT

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